- A Lie Never Justifiable A Study in Ethics
- We examine the ethics of adultery - and you may be surprised!
- Sissela Bok on lying and moral choice in private and public life – an amplification | rionathumruistan.gq
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A Lie Never Justifiable A Study in Ethics
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How was your experience with this page? Needs Improvement Love it! Although Tollefsen ultimately rejects their conclusions, he provides an extended consideration of the Christian case for lying as found in the writings of Cassian, Bonhoeffer, and Niebuhr. Tollefsen is not attempting to provide a systematic overview of all the major Christian views of what a lie is and whether lying is intrinsically evil.
We examine the ethics of adultery - and you may be surprised!
Still, this section could have been strengthened if Tollefsen had also analyzed the arguments of St. Clement of Alexandria, St. John Chrysostom, St. Hilary, St. John Climacus, and others who defended false assertions in various contexts. It may well be that the representatives treated by Tollefsen provide the most powerful Christian case against the view that false assertion is always wrong, but a further engagement with the Catholic sources could have made this chapter even stronger. Still, Tollefsen is to be commended for considering at such length, and without straw-man caricature, the Christian case against his view.
If false assertion is permissible in order to save innocent human life, then the actions of innumerable martyrs are deeply problematic. One might wonder whether undermining the good of personal integrity is intrinsically evil. In kidney donation, the agent intentionally chooses a personal disintegration of well-being, a lack of natural organic integrity, at the physical level. But the removal of a kidney is not an intentional undermining of the good of health. The removal of a single kidney for donation is permissible because the good of health, adequate bodily function, is maintained.
Removal of the entire liver or healthy heart would not be permissible, since this removal undermines the good of health. In a similar way, false assertion undermines the good of personal integrity, which is intentionally damaged in false assertion rather than suffering damage as a side-effect.
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Appealing to double effect reasoning, some people defend lying as akin to killing in self-defense. Killing is a term that can properly describe a variety of ethically diverse acts: first-degree murder, negligent homicide, accidental manslaughter, as well as unknowing and unwilling causing of death.
By contrast, false assertion is an intentional human action, rather than simply a physical event such as killing. Unlike killing, false assertion, that is, assertion contrary to the mind, is always a human action and can never be done entirely by accident. We cannot come to a moral judgment about the rightness or wrongness of an act unless that act is properly described, described not just as a physical event but as human action. Such actions undoubtedly undermine the good of life, yet Christians praise such self-sacrificial love of the other.
These cases are not properly described as intentional killing. The soldier who jumps on a grenade to save his friends is not choosing to kill himself as a means to saving his friends. Rather, he foresees and accepts his own death because he intends to protect his friends from the blast. Similarly, when Christ submits himself to crucifixion by Roman soldiers, he is allowing himself to suffer death as a side-effect of living in perfect love for all human beings and in perfect obedience to the Father.
Lying and Christian Ethics provides a powerful case for the thesis that false assertion violates the goods of personal integrity love of self , sociality love of neighbor , religion and truth both pertaining to obedience to and love of God. Readers inclined to think lying is sometimes justified owe it to themselves to read this book. Abortion , Book Reviews , Lying. September 2, July 26, By Christopher Kaczor.
Lying and Personal Integrity Tollefsen sets out the Christian case against lying—understood as assertion contrary to belief— as found in Augustine and in Aquinas. What is Lying? Personal Integrity and Double Effect One might wonder whether undermining the good of personal integrity is intrinsically evil. Related Posts.
Sissela Bok on lying and moral choice in private and public life – an amplification | rionathumruistan.gq
In Defense of Live Action Is lying ever justified? Truth, Love, and Live Action The pro-life cause must be advanced by truth and by love, and it must be…. Why Lying is Always Wrong Lying, even for laudable reasons, is wrong. Keep up with the conversation!
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